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    位置:每日學習網 >> 幼教 >> 教師隨筆 >> 教學反思 >> 正文

    說明文教學心得

    【前言說明文教學心得摘要】這是一篇教學反思的幼教模式,怎樣說明文教學心得的幼教內容。在說明文教學的過程中,我的課堂總是不能調動學生的興趣,但是經過學習之后,發現它還是充滿趣味性的。說明文是以說明為主要表達方式來解說事物、闡明事理而給人知識的文章體裁。它通過揭示概念來說明事物特征、本質及其規律性。雖然它既不像記敘文那樣重在記敘、描寫和抒情,也不像議論文那樣,重在闡明主張,批駁謬論,但……

    說明文教學的過程中,我的課堂總是不能調動學生的興趣,但是經過學習之后,發現它還是充滿趣味性的。說明文教學心得說明文是以說明為主要表達方式來解說事物、闡明事理而給人知識的文章體裁。它通過揭示概念來說明事物特征、本質及其規律性。雖然它既不像記敘文那樣重在記敘、描寫和抒情,也不像議論文那樣,重在闡明主張,批駁謬論,但是它還是非常有趣的,接下來我們一起去探討一下了。我只要從以下幾方面來研究:

    一、朗誦時想象:感受語言的趣味性

    很多說明文為了把事物的特點說得生動形象,增強文章的啟發性和感染力,用詞比較生動、有趣味。如果這類說明文僅讓學生了解文中介紹的科學知識,那么說明文中充滿趣味的語言只會成為擺設。所以在引導學生讀時,就可抓住這些充滿趣味的語言,充分感受說明文的生動性,增強學生的語感。

    例如,教學《生物入侵者》這一課時,教師可以首先從課題“生物入侵者”入手,讓學生反復讀此課題,學生在反復朗讀中不僅領會課題的含義,還體會到了課題的特點——使用了比喻的修辭手法。然后發揮想象,引導學生讀諸如“事實上許多‘生物入侵者’正是搭乘跨國貿易的‘便車’達到‘偷渡’目的的”等語句,讓學生在讀中感受說明文語言的生動性和趣味性。

    二、品味時畫圖:領略語言的準確性

    說明文的語言最基本的特點是準確。這是由它自身的特點所決定的。因此,說明文教學的一個重要任務就是要讓學生領略說明文語言的準確性。

    例如,一位教師教學《中國石拱橋》一課時,為了讓學生領略到說明文語言的準確性、科學性。執教老師首先板書了“大拱的兩肩上,各有兩個小拱”,然后要求學生根據作者的描述,畫出趙州橋的示意圖,畫好后同桌之間交流,最后出示趙州橋的圖片。這個過程中,教師的目的很明確——讓學生品味“大拱的兩肩上,各有兩個小拱”這個句子準確性。學生在“品”的過程中,領略到了這個句子不僅生動形象地說明了趙州橋大拱和小拱的數量、大小和位置關系,而且文字簡練,尤其是“肩”字的運用,更是準確、傳神地表現了趙州橋的特征與美感。從中體現了說明文的趣味性。

    三、賞析時競賽:感悟語言的情感性

    著名特級教師于永正曾經說過:“反思我們的語文教學,人文精神確實太少,其中尤其缺的是情趣。我說的情是什么?是情感。它包括兩個方面的意思,一是對學生有情,二是對語文教學有情,上課有情。”對于說明文教學,更應當著力挖掘課文的情感因素,帶領學生與文本對話,去經歷情感和智慧的旅行。

    例如,教學《故宮博物院》一課時,老師可適時地利用多媒體展示其形態,并讓學生根據課文畫出整體的構造,進行圖畫比賽,看看誰畫的逼真,形象,從而展示最形象的圖片,進而讓學生直觀地了解故宮建筑的特點。然后,讓學生到課文中去找讀能體現感情的語句,諸如“故宮建筑群規模宏大壯麗,建筑精美,布局統一,集中體現了我國古代建筑藝術的獨特風格”等句子,幫助學生分析并感悟說明文語言的情感性,體會祖國悠久的歷史、燦爛的文化和我國勞動人民的聰明才智,喚起學生的民族自豪感與學習興趣。

    四、實際運用:提升語言的運用能力

    《語文課程標準》指出:“語文課程應致力于學生語文素養的形成和發展。”語文素養不僅表現為有較強的閱讀、習作、口語交際的能力,而且還應該有較強的綜合運用能力。所以,說明文教學要讓學生“用”說明方法、說明順序、說明語言等提升語言的運用能力。

    倒如,教學《生物入侵者》一課時,當學生讀到“由于進出口貨物數量極大,很難保證沒有漏網之‘蟲’。”對句中“漏網之‘蟲’”這個特殊詞語提出疑惑時,老師在引導學生體會到這是用了仿擬的修辭手法后,趁機讓學生結合生活再另找一些用仿擬的詞語。學生很快就找到了廣告用語中的“咳不容緩”“默默無蚊”等,有學生還另仿擬了一些如將“鳥為食亡”——“魚為食亡”、“望洋興嘆”——“望樓興嘆”“望醫興嘆”等詞。

    只有趣味性的說明文教學才能讓我們的學生越來越喜歡說明文,也才會促進學生由“學會”向“會學”轉變,由“會學”向“善學”發展。

    最近有人點贊教學反思有關說明文教學心得
    聲明:說明文教學心得教學反思模式的內容僅供交流學習參考,并不意味贊同其觀點或證實其描述,轉載請注明每日學習網出處和作者,著作歸原作者!
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